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Polar expeditions conducted from 1998 to 2012:
Greenland, Patagonia (Hielo Continental), Iceland (Vatnajokoull), Svalbard, Arctic Canada, Ellesmere Iceland. He reached the North Pole geo-magnetic, magnetic North Pole and has made the crossing full of Greenland from south to north. It 'the only Italian to have attempted 2 times and alone the crossing of the Arctic Ocean to reach the geographic North Pole.
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Martin Hartley (photo in copertina), Maurizio Riccardi (photo in conferenze)
The total crossing of Antarctica is undoubtedly the longest existing of a frozen continent. The departure is scheduled for November 5, 2013 from the base Novo / Elk, which is located in the eastern side of Antarctica. It will be mandatory and skiing from 8 to 12 hours per day for more than 70 days, so that I can cover more than 2,300 miles of frozen ground that divide the coast of Antarctica from the South Pole
The vagaries of nature are unpredictable but at the same time spread peace and wonder, snow, ice and winds over 60 knots, they create unique colors and shades.
The air temperature at the beginning in the month of October can reach -50 ° C while in the period from mid-December can rise even at -10 ° C. During the trip there will be 24 hours of continuous light. Michele will not be supported externally by anyone, but as always make the crossing only on their own until the Geographic South Pole in mid / end of December 2013, then join the Hercules Inlet West Antarctica after almost 4,300 kilometers with skiing and snow kiting.
Michele Pontrandolfo: Polar Explorer, from 1998 until today, Motivational Lectures, Polar Guide
The geomagnetic field is a natural phenomenon on the planet Earth. It is similar to the magnetic field generated by a magnetic dipole with the magnetic poles do not coincide with the geographic and non-static, with its axis inclined at 11.5 ° to the axis of rotation of the Earth. The hypotheses on the origins of this field are numerous, but today's theories are oriented towards a model similar to that of a dynamo to excitation. Other celestial bodies, such as the Sun or Jupiter, they generate a planetary magnetic field.
The Geographic South Pole is defined as one of the two points where the Earth's axis of rotation intersects the surface of the planet (the other point is the geographic North Pole).
However, the axis of rotation of the earth is subject to change, so this definition is not completely accurate though always refers to a specific point. The projection point of the geographic South Pole on the celestial sphere gives rise to the south celestial pole.
The south pole of inaccessibility is the point of the Antarctic continent farthest from the coast of the Southern Ocean, and is more difficult to access.
It is located at 85 ° 50'S 65 ° 47'E. The first expedition that reached this region was the 3rd Soviet Antarctic Shipping December 14, 1958 led by Yevgeny Ivanovich Tolstikov. The expedition will set up a temporary base, the base Poljus Nedostupnosti. On the way to the Pole expedition to the coordinates 78 ° 24'S 87 ° 32'E established another station, Sovetskaya that existed between February 16 1958 and January 3, 1959.
The South Pole of inaccessibility is a more remote and difficult to access compared to the Geographic South Pole
The Magnetic South Pole undergoes considerable movement on the basis of mutations in the Earth's magnetic field.
In 2005 was calculated at 64 ° 31'48 "S 137 ° 51'36" E, just off the ground Wilkes in Antarctica. This position is located in the north of the Antarctic Circle. Due to the migration of the poles, the magnetic South Pole moves to the east about 10-15 miles per year.
Following a table that shows the recent positions.